Long-term cancer survivors represent a sizeable portion of the population. Plant-based foods may enhance the prevention of cancer-related outcomes in these patients. We aimed to synthesize the current evidence regarding the impact of plant-based dietary patterns PBDPs on cancer-related outcomes in the general population and in cancer survivors. Considered outcomes included overall cancer mortality, cancer-specific mortality, and cancer recurrence. Pooled estimates of the associations between the aforementioned PBDPs and the different cancer outcomes were obtained by applying random effects meta-analysis. The few studies available on the vegetarian diet failed to support its prevention potential against overall cancer mortality when compared with a non-vegetarian diet e. The insufficient number of studies evaluating provegetarian index scores in relation to cancer mortality did not permit a comprehensive assessment of this association. The association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and cancer mortality reached statistical significance e. However, no study considered the influence of prognostic factors on the associations.
Choose a degree. Vegetarianism and breast, colorectal and prostate cancer risk: An overview and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Aune D, et al. Academic Press Inc. Search for. Of the three studies evaluating an association between a PBDP and cancer mortality, there were two cohort studies considering an MD score and breast cancer mortality [ 55, 59 ]. Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies.
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We’re here to help No one should face pancreatic cancer alone. Thus, whether plant-based diets before or after a cancer diagnosis prevent negative cancer-related outcomes needs to be researched further, in order to define dietary guidelines for cancer survivors. Food groups and risk of all-cause mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. The studies by Orlich et al. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a better health-related quality of life: A possible role of high dietary antioxidant content. What is cancer? The comparison groups differed in both studies too, with regard to high vs. The other two studies provided more robust results [ 55, 57 ], and supported that a PBDP from breast cancer onset reduces all-cause or breast cancer mortality. The review included all original studies in humans that provided data on cancer mortality or survival in relation to PBDPs.